On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom informed the European Council of its intention to leave the European Union in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The European Commission`s Task Force for Relations with the United Kingdom (UKTF) coordinates work on all strategic, operational, legal and financial issues related to the UK`s withdrawal and its future relationship with the European Union. Michel Barnier is the head of this task force. The receipt of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from fresh to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the „Irish backstop“, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contained a safety net provision to deal with circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transitional period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described as follows. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text.  On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit legislation.
But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. It is therefore a withdrawal with agreements on the scheduled date of Brexit 31. October is no longer feasible. The Brexit deal will only come into force once the Brexit law has been passed by the UK Parliament. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight Eastern European Time (23:00 GMT). A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU rules and laws continue to apply in the UK. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change.
This will allow everyone to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. The British Parliament passes a law obliging the British government to request a postponement of Brexit if there is no agreement with the EU before 19 October 2019. On 17 October 10, 2019, the United Kingdom and the EU agreed on the conditions for the United Kingdom`s exit from the EU (Brexit) and on a transitional period until 31 December 2020. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MPs decided that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament the full legal advice it had received on the impact of its proposed withdrawal conditions.  The central point of the opinion concerned the legal effect of the Backstop Agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the customs border between the European Union and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, and in particular on the security of the United Kingdom, to be able to leave the EU in practice, in accordance with the draft proposals. . . . .