Easier said than done. Jennifer Tollmann, of the green think tank E3G, notes during the UN climate talks „the old proverb“ that „nothing has been agreed until everything is agreed“. It tells Carbon Brief: It shows that under a modeled article 6 carbon market, countries in Europe, North America and other regions (the blue tones in the graph below) would achieve part of their climate goals by buying credits from developing countries in Asia – including India (orange) and Pakistan (orange). The implementation of the agreement by all Member States is assessed every five years and the first evaluation will take place in 2023. The result will be used as a contribution to member States` new national contributions.  The inventory will not be one of the contributions/performance of each country, but of a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. Within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, legal instruments may be adopted to achieve the objectives of the Convention. For the period 2008-2012, the Kyoto Protocol adopted measures to reduce greenhouse gases in 1997. The scope of the Protocol has been extended until 2020 by the Doha amendment to this Protocol.  A percentage of the revenues from the Emissions Trading Scheme is allocated to a climate change adaptation fund dedicated to measures such as mangrove reforestation, dam construction and limiting erosion in mountain regions of developing countries.
According to the World Bank, around US$10 billion (€9.2 billion) has been invested in projects through the Fund and the Emissions Trading Scheme. Specific outcomes of the increased focus on financing adjustment in Paris include the announcement by G7 countries to allocate $420 million to climate risk insurance and the launch of an Early Warning and Climate Risk Systems (CREWS) initiative.  In 2016, the Obama administration gave the Green Climate Fund a $500 million grant as „the first part of a $3 billion commitment made at the Paris climate negotiations.“    So far, the Green Climate Fund has received more than $10 billion in commitments. . . .